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The Brorby ProjectThe Brorby Project

The life and career of Harry Brorby

Harry Brorby (1927-2012) was an artist whose career in painting, printmaking, sculpting, and teaching (1940’s-1970’s) bore fruits of lasting impact on the art world today. It is peculiar that for as influential as he seemingly was, not much has been said about him as an artist in art historical (Read More)


The Chicken Case ProjectThe Chicken Case Project

The politics of sex, gender, and poultry

On August 18, 1919, the fight for women’s suffrage concluded in the United States. The Nineteenth Amendment was ratified, granting women 21 years and older the right to vote. While the national women’s suffrage campaign is well documented, the efforts, agendas, and stances of local women remain underevaluated. When discussing female enfranchisement, local scholars forgo the critical analysis of Holland’s suffrage movement (Read More)


The Imagined Communities ProjectThe Imagined Communities Project

The social construction of national identity

Latin Americanist Benedict Anderson developed the theory of imagined communities. He asserts that an imagined community “is different from an actual community because it is not (and, for practical reasons, cannot be) based on everyday face-to-face interaction between its members. A nation,” he continues, “is a socially constructed community, imagined by the people who perceive themselves as part of that group” (6-7; wikipedia). The emergence of nationalism, he states, occurs when access to a privileged language declines. While Anderson applies his theory to nations, scholars may adapted his theory and apply it to their examination of cities, such as Holland, Michigan (Read More)


The Klompen Dancing ProjectThe Klompen Dancing Project

The history Dutch folk dancing

While attending a meeting of the Women’s Literary Club in 1927, Lida Rogers proposed that Holland adopt the tulip as its flower and establish a festival to celebrate the city’s civic beauty. In 1928, the city purchased 10,000 tulips. Residents could purchase bulbs for one cent apiece. The following (Read More)


The Religious Materials & Architecture ProjectThe Religious Materials & Architecture Project

A study of Holland’s religious artifacts & churches

Dutch-American scholars, local historians, and theologians have thoroughly studied and debated the religious events and interfaith conflicts that have occurred in Holland, Michigan since its establishment (Read More)


The Women's Athletics ProjectThe Women’s Athletics Project

The legacy of Women’s Athletics at Hope College

Hope College’s tradition of athletic excellence is a significant component of the institution’s historical narrative. On June 6, 1872, the Flying Dutchmen’s legacy was established with a 30-12 victory over the Grand Haven Eagles Club baseball team. In 1926, Hope College became a member of the Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association (MIAA). The MIAA is the nation’s oldest intercollegiate sports league, established in 1888. For nearly a century, the MIAA exclusively administered its members’ male athletic programs. In 1941, the Women’s Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association (WMIAA), the MIAA’s counterpart, was established. In 1978, five years after the passage of Title IX, the WMIAA (Read More)