(Johanna) Lavina Cappon

Contents Early Life Teaching in Holland A Civil Servant Personal Interests Family Bibliography By Miriam Koerner One of Holland mayor Isaac Cappon’s many children, Johanna Cappon (known as Lavina) was born in 1894 to Cappon and his second wife. After receiving her education in home economics and returning to teach in Holland, she followed in Read More …

2016-17 Year in Review

This has been quite the year of changes and opportunities for Digital Holland! With the 2016-2017 school year drawing to a close, let’s look back on some of this news and excitement. Digital Holland 3.0 The website that you are viewing now is the restructured 3rd version the Digital Holland project. Though the site had many Read More …

We’re going to NCUR!

This week Digital Holland is on the move! We’re presenting our work at the National Conference for Undergraduate Research being held in at the University of Memphis in Memphis, Tennessee. Digital Holland is one of over 4,000 research projects being presented at this conference by undergraduates from across America. We are very excited to share Read More …

New Changes for Digital Holland

Welcome, visitors! If you’ve been to Digital Holland before, you may have noticed some changes to the organization and appearance of our site. If it’s your first time stopping by, we’re glad to have you here! Digital Holland is a website developed and created by undergraduate researchers at Hope College in Holland, Michigan. These students Read More …

Maple Avenue Ministries

Contents Origins, 1913-1916 Growth and Prosperity, 1916-1980 Crisis and Reconciliation, 1980- Gallery Bibliography by John D. Cox Originally known as Maple Avenue Christian Reformed Church, Maple Avenue Ministries was founded in 1913. Throughout its history, Maple Avenue has played an active role in service both locally and abroad, helping to establish Christian schools in Holland Read More …

Van Raalte Hall Fire

by Noah Jurik & Robert “Tony” Byrne Van Raalte Hall was built in 1903 and served as the major administrative building of Hope College for over 70 years. The impressive red brick building was located at the south end of the pine grove along the former 12th street, just east of Dimnent Memorial Chapel. The Read More …

Van Raalte Hall

by Noah Jurik & Robert “Tony” Byrne Van Raalte Hall was built in 1903 and served as the major administrative building of Hope College for over 70 years. The impressive red brick building was located at the south end of the pine grove along the former 12th street, just east of Dimnent Memorial Chapel. The Read More …

Veneklasen Brick Company

Content Origins The Peak of Production Brickmaking and a Distinctive Style The Peak of Production Decline A Lasting Impact Gallery Bibliography By Elizabeth Ensink Founded in 1848, the Veneklasen Brick Company started with a small clay field in Holland owned by Jan Veneklasen and his sons. By the 1890s, the company, then incorporated as the Read More …

David Fetters

By Cullen Smith Holland Vietnam Veteran Stories: “1st Lieutenant David Fetters” The Vietnam War stands as one of the most transformative conflicts in American history, yet one of the most under-researched. An initial search in Hope College’s Joint Archives revealed very little available archival materials on how the war impacted one of West Michigan’s most Read More …

Hope College Dance Department

By Nia Stringfellow, Rachel Kennedy, and Raven Bouvier Anchored in Dance: A Timeline of Dance at Hope Hope College is home to a nationally accredited dance department. The college’s Dance Department is unique in that the student is nurtured technically, academically, and spiritually.  However, because of the misunderstood nature of dance, the relationship between Hope Read More …

John B. Nykerk

Content Early Life & Beginnings at Hope College Oxford’s Influence Religious Life Teaching at Hope College Bibliography By Anne O’Donnell Dr. John B, Nykerk is known most for his establishment of the Nykerk oration, song, and theatre competition at Hope College. However, his greater impact on the college was as a Western literature professor through Read More …

We’re Under Construction

Welcome, visitors! We are proud to present Digital Holland, a website developed and created by undergraduate researchers at Hope College in Holland, Michigan. These students are part of the Mellon Scholars Program, an initiative in the Digital Liberal Arts funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The website you are viewing now is the second Read More …

Henry Kremers

Content Youth Education Marriage & Family Physician Businessman First Democratic Mayor The Kremers House Politician Death & Legacy Bibliography By Madalyn DeJonge From 1882 to 1914, Dr. Henry Kremers provided medical care to the residents of Holland. The respected physician was committed to serving the city’s Civil War Veterans and its impoverished men, women, and Read More …

Arend Visscher

Content Youth & Education Holland Improvement Company Legal Service Community Service Death & Legacy Gallery Bibliography By Victoria Henry Holland native Arend Visscher was an alumnus of Hope College and the University of Michigan Law School. He practiced law in his hometown, representing the Christian Reformed Church (CRC) in the 1883 State of Michigan Supreme Read More …

Philip Phelps Jr.

Content Youth & Education Seminary & Early Ministry Marriage & Family Called to Holland Holland Academy Hope Reformed Church Chartering Hope College President Philip Phelps Jr. Resignation & Return to New York Death & Legacy Gallery Bibliography By Victoria Henry and Madalyn DeJonge As the first president of Hope College, Philip Phelps’s vision and dedication Read More …

Leprosy Federation

Content Establishing the Leprosy Federation Combating Leprosy Federation Fundraising Legacy of the Federation Bibliography By Amanda Palomino Previously published in Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 21, Issue 04, Winter January 1, 2012. Establishing the Leprosy Federation The conception of the Federation started with Christine Van Raalte Gilmore, a much respected leader among the women of the Read More …

CASA

Content Beginning CASA CASA Today CASA Successes The Future of CASA Bibliography By Amanda Palomino Previously published in Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 22, Issue 3, Fall October 1, 2012. For twenty-seven years, CASA has remained devoted to a belief in consistent, individualized attention to help at-risk students from first to fifth grade succeed in school. Read More …

The Kremers House

Content Henry Kremers Kremer’s Legacy First Public Hospital Post-Hospital Tenants Gallery Bibliography By Rachel Foster The Kremers House, completed in 1889, is located at 8 East Twelfth Street. For 28 years, the Dr. Henry Kremers family called the grand estate home. Three years after the physician’s death in 1914, his wife and five children sold Read More …

Adelaide Dykhuizen

Contents Youth The New Woman Hope Years Becoming an Educator Life as an Educator Death & Legacy Gallery Bibliography By Caroline Haley Born in 1905, Adelaide Dykhuizen and her twin sister Geraldine Dykhuizen went to Hope College in the early 1920s, forty years after the first women enrolled at the school. The twins were the Read More …

Anna Elenbaas Ketting

Content Early Years Education at Hope College Career in the West The Winnebago Mission Return Home Gallery Bibliography By Taylor Rebhan Anna Martha Elenbaas was born at the turn of the twentieth century in a small immigrant town in West Michigan. She attended the local high school and college, worked as a teacher in Nebraska, Read More …

9th Michigan Volunteer Calvary

Contents Organizing the Ninth Michigan Volunteer Cavalry Sterling, Kentucky Morgan’s Raid The Fall of Cumberland Gap The Atlanta Campaign Mustered Out By Joshua Briggs In April 1861, the American Civil War commenced off the shores of South Carolina. Holland’s residents, second-generation Dutch-American men, were called to defend the Union. The city’s volunteers enlisted in one Read More …

Windmill Island

Content The DeZwaan Windmill Alisa Crawford: Windmill Island Miller TV Meets Tulip Time Weddings at Windmill Island The Historic Dutch Trade Fair Street Organ Sounds Gallery Bibliography By Julia Triezenberg Windmill Island Park opened in April 1965 with over 100,000 tickets sold by September 1 of that year. For the next 21 years, the number Read More …

First State Bank

Content History of the Bank The Building Gallery Bibliography By Ian Bussan Built by First State Bank in 1916 as its third and final headquarters in Holland this impressive stone structure was the scene of the 1932 bank robbery, in which criminals made off with about $73,000 in cash and bonds. The building’s current occupant, Read More …

The Warm Friend

Content Building the Hotel What’s Inside Famous Visitors New Owners The Warm Friend Today Gallery Bibliography By Erika Schlenker A. H. Landwehr of the Holland Furnace Company propelled the building of the Warm Friend in 1923. It was completed on April 25, 1925, after 300 work days. Originally a hotel called The Warm Friend Tavern, Read More …

Nykerk Hall

Content Dr. Nykerk’s Aspirations Early Years of Nykerk Hall Expansion Bibliography By Joshua Briggs An ambition of late professor of music J.B. Nykerk, Nykerk Hall serves students studying the musical arts. Since its opening in 1958, Nykerk has undergone renovations and expansions. A new musical building, the Jack H. Miller Center for Musical Arts, is Read More …

Dimnent Memorial Chapel

Content Dedication New Organ and Renovations Gallery Bibliography By Joshua Briggs Christened as the “Hope College Memorial Chapel” at its opening ceremony, the campus’s home for worship was renamed “Dimnent Memorial Chapel” in honor of President Edward Dimnent, who presided over the chapel’s opening ceremonies. While attendance was initially required of all students, current students Read More …

The Armory

Content Construction of the Armory Early Uses for the Armory The Armory During the Great Depression and World War II Beyond World War II Gallery By Ian Bussan The Holland Armory was initially built for the National Guard at the behest of Henry Greeds, the city treasurer at the time. Greeds’s objective was to involve Read More …

Firehouse No. 2 and City Hall

Content Early Fire Prevention and the Great Holland Fire Building the Firehouse City Use and Services Architecture Restoration Office Use By Erika Schlenker Twelve years after the Great Holland Fire of 1871, the city built a firehouse located at 106 E. Eighth St. In addition to housing Columbia Fire Engine Company No. 2, the building Read More …

City Hall — 1911

Content City Hall Occupants Renovation and Current Use Gallery Bibliography By Ian Bussan In 1909, Mayor Henry Brusse pushed for a new city hall to replace the one on Eighth Street. The cornerstone of the new city hall was laid on January 1, 1910. The total costs of the building, including furnishings, reached $60,000. The Read More …

The Knickerbocker Theatre

Content Founding The Death of Slagh Change in Ownership and Financial Struggles Operating Under Hope College Ownership Gallery Bibliography By Joshua Briggs First announced in autumn 1910, the Knickerbocker Theatre was called “one of the best little playhouses in the state.” Since entrepreneur Tieman Slagh first constructed the edifice on Eighth Street more than 100 Read More …

Douwe B. Yntema

Content Frisian Heritage A Family of Faith Education in Holland Marriage Return to Hope College Farming Children Community Outreach Retirement, Death, & Legacy Gallery Bibliography By Katelyn Dickerson Douwe B. Yntema was the son of Hessel O. Yntema. On February 9, 1833, Hessel married Klaaske van der Kooi. The Yntemas had nine children, but only Read More …

James Huntley

Contents Professional Development Marriage & Emigration Building Holland Businessman Politics, Religion, & Free Masonry Death & Legacy Gallery Bibliography By Ian Bussan, Madalyn DeJonge, and Rebekah Llorens In the late nineteenth century, James Huntley established himself as one of Holland’s leading builders. Huntley built some of the city’s most iconic landmarks, including the Tower Clock Read More …

Michigan 25th Volunteer Regiment

Content Michigan Twenty-Fifth Regiment 1863 Engagements Atlanta Campaign Mustered Out Holland’s Soldiers Gallery Bibliography By Joshua Briggs In April 1861, the first shells were launched at Fort Sumter. The shots marked the start of the American Civil War. Holland’s residents, second-generation Dutch-American men, enlisted to defend the Union. The men joined one of two local Read More …

Holland Peanut Store

Content From Fruit Shop to Candy Store Building and Locations Bibliography By Stephanie Emanuele The Fabiano family has owned and operated the Holland Peanut Store for over a century. This Downtown staple is located on 46 E. Eighth St. A favorite among tourists and locals alike, the Peanut Store has a large array of confectionary Read More …

The Holland Museum

Contents History of the Site History of the Museum Dutch Galleries Gallery Bibliography By Ian Bussan An institution associated with the Holland Historical Trust, the Holland Museum currently houses a vast collection of local and Dutch artifacts. Previously located at the Kremers’s mansion as the Netherland’s Museum, the Holland Museum moved into its current location Read More …

Juneteenth

Contents History of Juneteenth Celebrations in Holland Juneteenth Pageant Bibliography By Erika Schlenker Juneteenth is a national celebration commemorating the end of slavery in the United States on June 19, 1865. Held in Holland since 2000, the celebration spans several days in mid-June with events like a stage production, pageant, and community picnic. Its mission Read More …

Martin Luther King, Jr. Vigil

Content President Calvin Vander Werf Other Speakers Floyd Brady Bibliography By Allyson Hoffman The Martin Luther King Jr. Vigil was held on Friday, April 5, 1968, the day after King’s assassination. Over 1,000 individuals marched from Hope College’s campus to Centennial Park, located at 10th and River Streets. At the park, faculty and students spoke Read More …

Woman’s Literary Club Building

Content Established, 1894 Mission and Purpose The Clubhouse Clubhouse for Sale The Clubhouse Today Gallery Bibliography By Erika Schlenker The Woman’s Literary Club began as the Bay View Reading Circle in 1894 and changed its name to the Woman’s Literary Club of Holland in 1898. The club’s original goal was “to further intellectual improvement, and Read More …

Pillar Church

Content Established, 1847 World War II & the 1950s 1960 to the Present Bibliography By Joshua Briggs In 1847 Holland’s founder Reverend Albertus C. Van Raalte established First Reformed Church. As the congregation grew, the need to construct a new church arose. The building was completed in 1857. In 1997 the institution, now known as Read More …

Bell Telephone Building

Content The Early Telephone in Holland Construction of the Holland Office Bibliography By Ian Bussan The presence of Bell, and later AT&T, in Holland has centered around this building since its completion in 1930. Today, the building is occupied mostly by business offices. The Early Telephone in Holland Alexander Graham Bell patented his design for Read More …

H. J. Heinz Pickle Factory

Content Established, 1898 World War I & The Great Depression World War II World’s Largest Pickle Factory Gallery Bibliography By Joshua Briggs Since its establishment in 1898, the Heinz Company has prospered and developed itself into a crucial member of the Holland community. The factory provided rations during wartime, servicemen when the nation called for Read More …

RCA & CRC Split

Timeline by Jessica Cronau, Elizabeth Ensink, Matthew Meyerhuber, & Jonathan Tilden Introduction Holland, Michigan is a predominantly Reformed Christian community with a historic Dutch identity, but the split of the Christian Reformed Church (CRC) from the Reformed Church in America (RCA) in 1857 reveals distinct differences within the group of settlers from the Netherlands. This Read More …

Van Raalte Statue Dedication

Content Holland’s 75th Anniversary The Making of the Sculpture Unveiling and Dedication Chapel Choir Bibliography By Erika Schlenker The monumental bronze statue of Reverend Albertus C. Van Raalte, Holland’s founder, stands on the eastern side of Centennial Park across from the intersection of Central Avenue and Graves Place. On May 1, 1997, the statue was Read More …

Centennial Park

Content Roots in the Past Establishing the Park Introducing Squirrels to the Park The Coral Rock Fountain War Memorials Centennial Park at Christmas Honoring Van Raalte Buy-A-Brick Campaign Gallery Bibliography Article by Allyson Hoffman Documentary by Joshua Briggs, Austin Garcia, Olivia Pilon, & Miriam Roth Reverend Albertus C. Van Raalte originally set aside the land Read More …

Isaac Cappon

Contents Youth & Immigration Businessman Public Servant First Marriage Cappon House Second Marriage Death Cappon’s Legacy Bibliography by Joshua Briggs and Madalyn DeJonge In 1847, Isaac Cappon, a young Dutch Immigrant, arrived in the newly founded Holland colony. Ten years after emigrating from Zeeland province, the Netherlands, in 1857, Cappon and business partner John Bertsch Read More …

A. J. Muste

Content Youth Education World War I Textile Worker Strike Marxism-Leninism World War II The Cold War Death & Legacy Timeline Bibliography By Madalyn Northuis Originally Published in the Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 22.04: Winter 2013 Timeline by Hayley Schultz On February 22, 1967, Hope College honored the life and work of A. J. Muste, a Read More …